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What is bitumen?

What is bitumen?

In a specialized context, It can be stated that bitumen is a hydrocarbon compound with unique properties, including being virtually non-volatile, adhesive, colloidal, and waterproof. It can originate from either natural sources or refineries. Bitumen is derived from crude oil or found in natural asphalt, which is highly soluble in toluene and exhibits high viscosity or near-solid properties at room temperature.

Bitumen exhibits varying behaviors at different temperatures, with its viscoelastic characteristics being notable at ambient temperature,where it displays a combination of both elastic and viscous states.

Bituminous substances offer greater diversity compared to petroleum products due to their various sources beyond crude oil. Bitumen plays a pivotal role in numerous industries, including road construction, roofing, and waterproofing. The inherent properties of bitumen heavily depend on its production and processing methods, as well as the characteristics of the crude oil from which it is derived. High-quality crude oils and appropriate distillation processes can enhance bitumen properties.

Bitumen has been a staple in road construction for over a century, significantly influencing roadbed properties such as adhesion, temperature sensitivity, friction, aging resistance, and
durability.

A comprehensive understanding of bitumen chemistry empowers researchers and industry professionals to make informed decisions regarding its use and sustainable management

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